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29 May 2007 @ 12:27 pm
I just want to say hello and welcome everyone again to this forum.

Over the past few days I have added various articles that might be of interest to begin building resources on the forum. These were supplied by luckimom2002 and others at the CO FASD Parent Support group, so thank you.

I want to invite everyone to post to the forum. Jump right in with any questions, information, or stories you may have. Also, feel free to introduce yourself, we would love to learn more about everyone.

One thing that we do ask is that you try to remember to tag your posts. The moderators will be watching and helping with this but if you can do it when you post that would be nice. If there is a tag you would like added to the list either comment on a moderator's post or put a note at the bottom of your post. Thank you for your help on this, tagging helps everyone to find the information they are most interested in.

To find what you want, check the tag list on the right side of the web page or click on the appropriate tag on any post and that will get you to a list of post for that topic.

If you have any questions about how to use the forum comment to a post by a moderator or send an e-mail. If you want help with livejournal comment to this post and I'll do my best to help you out.

If you have questions about topics covered on this website and don't feel like signing up for livejournal feel free to comment at this post and a moderator will do their best to answer your question or they will post it to the general forum for more feedback.

Again, feel free to jump in anytime. Thank you.
29 May 2007 @ 12:21 pm
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder at risk for alcohol problems
Parental alcoholism and family stress can also facilitate the development of alcohol problems

* Prior research has shown that children with ADHD can develop alcohol problems later in life.
* Two studies confirm this association, indicating that drinking problems begin around age 15.
* Parental alcoholism and family stress appear to add to the risk of children with ADHD developing alcohol problems themselves.

Researchers believe that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk for alcohol- as well as other substance-related problems as they grow older. Yet the research is not always consistent. Two new studies help to confirm that ADHD is a risk factor for alcohol problems; adding that parental alcoholism and stressful experiences in the family play an important role in this risk.

Results are published in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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29 May 2007 @ 12:12 pm
New Evidence Sheds Light on the Cause of ADHD

Medically Reviewed On: December 05, 2006
Published on: December 05, 2006

(HealthCentersOnline) - Results from a recent brain-imaging study call into question the relationship between dopamine, its associated proteins and the presence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Dopamine is a neurotransmitter important in thinking, motivation, short-term memory and some emotions, as well as immune function and motor control.

It was previously believed that unusually high levels of a brain protein responsible for transporting dopamine in some parts of the brain indicated the presence of ADHD. However, researchers found lower levels of these proteins in ADHD patients when measured against the control group.

"These results suggest that dopamine transporter levels alone cannot account for the severity of symptoms of inattention in ADHD," lead study author Nora Volkow said in a recent news release.

ADHD is a set of chronic conditions marked by an inability to pay attention, hyperactivity and impulsive acts. It begins in childhood and can affect all areas of a child's life. Between 3 and 5 percent of school-aged children—or about 2 million children in the United States—have ADHD, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Boys outnumber girls by at least a 3 to 1 ratio, according to National Mental Health Association.

For many years, controversy has surrounded ADHD as some experts have differed over exactly what constitutes the disorder. In recent years, the National Institute of Mental Health has declared definitively that ADHD is a mental health condition.

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29 May 2007 @ 11:59 am
Study Examines How Children's Brains Grow

WASHINGTON (May 18) - Can you get smarter than a fifth-grader? Of course, but new research suggests some of the brain's basic building blocks for learning are nearing adult levels by age 11 or 12.

It is the first finding from a study of how children's brains grow. The most interesting results are yet to come.

About 500 super-healthy newborns to teenagers, recruited from super-healthy families, are having periodic MRI scans of their brains as they grow up. They also get a battery of age-appropriate tests of such abilities as IQ, language skills and memory.

The project, funded by the National Institutes of Health, is tricky work.

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29 May 2007 @ 11:52 am
Brief Questions Can ID At-Risk Youth, Researchers Say
May 10, 2007

A brief screening tool called the adolescent risk inventory (ARI) effectively identifies adolescents who may be at risk of engaging in alcohol and other drug use or other dangerous behaviors, a new study concludes.

Psych Central reported May 4 that a study of youths ages 12-19 who were given ARI screenings showed that the screening tool is "reliable and comprehensive and can be useful in quickly identifying a wide range of teen risk behaviors."

The ARI includes questions about sexual history, self-harm, and attitudes about acting out. Experts say that adolescents' willingness to engage in one high-risk activity could be an indicator that they are at risk of others.

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29 May 2007 @ 11:44 am
Children Whose Moms Took Valproate During Pregnancy More Likely to Have Lower IQs
By Charlene Laino
WebMD Medical News
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

May 3, 2007 (Boston) -- Women of childbearing age should avoid taking the commonly prescribed epilepsy drug valproate because of a negative effect on their children's IQ, researchers say.

They found that the intelligence quotient of 2-year-old children was an average of 12 points lower when expectant moms took valproate compared with three other drugs -- Lamictal, carbamazepine, or phenytoin.

In addition, 24% of toddlers born to mothers who took valproate had IQ scores that would put them in the mental retardation range -- that is, below 70 points on the standard IQ test, says Kimford Meador, MD, professor of neurology at the University of Florida in Gainesville.

That compares unfavorably with 9% to 12% for the other drugs, he says.

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29 May 2007 @ 11:40 am
Social Behavior Differs In Children With Family History Of Autism

Science Daily — The baby brothers and sisters of autistic children do not seek emotional cues from adults, or respond to them, as often as other toddlers do, suggests new research from the University of California, San Diego.

The study is the first to investigate "social referencing" behavior in children from families at high risk for autism and also points to profound differences in related measurements of brain activity, said lead researcher Leslie Carver.

"Our results," Carver said, "support two important ideas about autism: That those behaviors that are diagnostic of the disorder fall on one end of a broad behavioral spectrum and also that there is a strong genetic component to autism, evidenced by the behavioral resemblances in close family members."

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29 May 2007 @ 11:33 am
Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Health: Current Evidence
The latest clinically relevant research on alcohol, illicit drugs, and health
29 May 2007 @ 11:29 am
Children With Autism Have Difficulty Recognizing Ordinary Words

Science Daily — New research indicates that young children with autism have a difficult time recognizing ordinary words and more of their brains are occupied with this kind of task compared to typically developing youngsters.

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29 May 2007 @ 11:22 am
Prenatal Toxicity Linked To Immune Dysfunctions In Later Life
Source: Cornell University
Date: May 3, 2007

Prenatal Toxicity Linked To Immune Dysfunctions In Later Life

Science Daily — A Cornell researcher and his wife have conducted the first comprehensive review of later-life diseases that develop in people who were exposed to environmental toxins or drugs either in the womb or as infants. They have found that most of the diseases have two things in common: They involve an imbalanced immune system and exaggerated inflammatory reactions (at the cellular level).

In an invited, peer-reviewed article on developmental immunotoxicity (DIT), published in a recent issue of Current Medicinal Chemistry, Rodney Dietert, professor of immunotoxicology at Cornell's College of Veterinary Medicine, and Janice Dietert of Performance Plus Consulting in Lansing, N.Y., found that almost all the chronic diseases that are associated with DIT share the same type of immunological damage.

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